ARV for Stray Dogs

At CCC we give anti-rabies vaccines (ARV) to each stray dog that we sterilise. This is a mandatory step in our animal birth control program. Rabies is an infectious disease and is transmitted from animals to humans. It has a high fatality rate and once symptoms become noticeable, there is almost a very high chance of being fatal.

Rabies is a 100% vaccine preventable disease! Taking the entire anti-rabies vaccines course as mandated by health authorities after a dog bite from an unknown dog or wild animal can save life of the person.

If you vaccinate your dog regularly every year you can protect them from Rabies. Your pup should be vaccinated between 12 to 16 weeks of age and given boosters at regular intervals. The booster needs to be given annually. All animal handlers, vets and animal rescue volunteers also need to take boosters regularly as preventive measures. By taking preventive measures and vaccinations this disease can be controlled.

We provide the anti-rabies vaccine to every stray dog that goes through sterilisation operations at the CCC centers.

Pre-exposure vaccination and the ‘herd immunity’ phenomena have a significant impact on the occurrence of canine rabies cases. Creating thorough multi-year vaccination schedules using dependable, high-quality vaccines of prolong immunity might enhance the dog population’s herd immunity to lower the risk of human rabies. Herd immunity must be maintained by systematic follow-up vaccinations and revaccinations of dogs. 

Rabies is 100% vaccine preventable.

Did you know that Latin America and Japan have been rabies-free for over 10 years due to mass dog vaccination programs? Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable disease. Even though dog bites are the main route of infection for rabies in people, killing dogs does not stop the disease. Studies indicate that mass dog vaccination programmes are the most effective way to control rabies, and vaccination of 70% of dogs in an area is necessary to control the disease in both humans and dogs. The World Health Organization (WHO) leads the collective “United Against Rabies” to drive progress towards “zero human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030”. 

Extensive wound washing after a bite from a suspected rabid animal This first-aid measure includes immediate and thorough flushing and washing of the wound for a minimum of 15 minutes with soap and water, detergent, povidone iodine, or other substances that remove and kill the rabies virus. Exposure risk and indications for PEP Depending on the severity of the contact with the suspected rabid animal, administration of a full PEP course is recommended as follows:

Categories of contact and recommended post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

  • Category I-touching or feeding animals, animal licks on intact skin (no exposure) Post-exposure prophylaxis measures –  Washing of exposed skin surfaces, no PEP.
  • Category II – nibbling of uncovered skin, minor scratches or abrasions without bleeding (exposure) Post-exposure prophylaxis measures – Wound washing and immediate vaccination
  • Category III – single or multiple transdermal bites or scratches, contamination of mucous membrane or broken skin with saliva from animal licks, exposures due to direct contact with bats (severe exposure) Post-exposure prophylaxis measures – Wound washing, immediate vaccination, and administration of rabies immunoglobulin